The University of Minnesota has prepared a report that examines the effectiveness of outdoor sprinkler systems to protect homes during wildfires. Following the 1999 wind event, or “the blowdown”, that instantly created thousands of acres of dead and down vegetation, FEMA provided grants that paid for the installation of sprinkler systems at private residences. In fact in one area, the Gunflint Trail community, 130 systems were paid for by FEMA, and there were an estimated 300 total in the area.
The Ham Lake wildfire experience with the sprinkler systems as one component of wildfire preparedness demonstrated that the systems, when properly installed and maintained, can be extremely effective in protecting not only the built structure but also the trees and vegetation within the sprinkler area. Of the threatened structures on the Gunflint Trail that burned in the Seagull Lake and Saganaga Lake areas, only one had a working sprinkler. Of the threatened structures that survived, 72% had working sprinklers. All but one structure with a working sprinkler system survived the fire.
The report also has a handy guide that provides information about the installation and maintenance of sprinkler systems. Here is an illustration from the brochure.
Some folks in Minnesota are very skilled at applying for FEMA grants. St. Louis County in Minnesota has received a grant for $1.1 million to help 126 private homeowners and business buy outdoor sprinkler systems to protect their property from wildfires. The program will cover 75 percent of the costs of installing the systems.
As Wildfire Today reported on November 12, 2008, Cook County in Minnesota has already received $3 million in FEMA grants for sprinkler systems for homes and businesses. As we stated then, grants from the Federal Emergency Management Agency should be used for something other than adding sprinklers to private property.
The spread of the Arnica fire, now mapped at 9,300 acres, has slowed over the last two days. The map below which depicts heat detected by satellites, shows a major reduction in heat compared to what the fire was doing two to three days ago.
But it certainly is not out yet. The Mt. Washburn web cam occasionally is socked in by smoke as the wind sometimes blows the smoke directly at the lookout.
Fire personnel have been running an irrigation system to protect structures. Night time temperatures have obviously been below freezing.
The weather today could be conducive to additional fire spread, with the forecast calling for 18 mph SE winds gusting to 28, a high of about 60, and a minimum humidity of 21%.
But rain is expected to begin by 6 p.m. this evening and should change to snow by midnight. A total of about 6 inches of snow is predicted through Thursday morning, which most likely will be the fire season ending event for Yellowstone. The forecast calls for chances of more snow all the the way through Monday, October 5.
(UPDATE at 7:38 p.m., Sept. 29. The Weather Service has changed the forecast. The rain has been scrubbed, and the snow is expected to begin Tuesday night at midnight. It should continue through Wednesday night, with about 6 inches accumulating. There will be a chance of additional snow every day through at least Monday.)
The biggest problem facing firefighters now is how to avoid having to deal with frozen and broken irrigation pipes and pumps as the temperature dips into the teens Wednesday and Thursday nights. Removing a massive irrigation system in the snow is something I imagine they are not looking forward to.
HERE is a link to a more detailed version of the map above.
Wildfire Today has obtained these photos of the Arnica fire northwest of Yellowstone Lake in Yellowstone National Park. All are National Park Service photos.
2:52 p.m., September 25
2:33 p.m. MT, Sept. 26
Structure protection, 2:55 p.m., Sept. 26
To help protect structures the park is using a metal pipe irrigation system and a high-volume pump first used on the 1988 fires. If you look closely at the photo above and squint your eyes a little, you can see a hint of the irrigation pipe leading from a pump on the lake shore.
Here is a photo from InciWeb showing some of the irrigation system in action.
When structures are threatened by wildland fires, sprinklers are sometimes placed on roofs, but installing them means climbing on the roof. A company in Florida has developed a sprinkler that can be placed on the peak of the roof while you stand on a ladder at the side of the structure. The trick is attaching 5-foot sections of PVC pipe to the sprinkler which are then used to push the roller-mounted unit up the roof. Then a garden hose is attached to the PVC pipe. It looks like this could be a worthwhile addition to structure protection kits.
The cost for one complete unit is around $300, depending on what state it will be shipped to.
Be warned, that when you go to the site, a damn video starts playing automatically. I hate that. You can stop the video by clicking on “close video”.
If you live in St. Louis or Lake counties in Minnesota, you could be eligible to submit an application for grant assistance to install or upgrade a wildfire sprinkler system. According to the Timberjay newspaper:
“Both counties will be seeking federal funding through FEMA to help pay the cost of installing sprinkler systems for homeowners, especially for those in areas identified as at high risk for wildfire.”
Should the federal government be buying sprinklers to be installed on private land?