A facilitated learning analysis has been released on an engine rollover that occurred in September on the Bald Angel prescribed fire on the Wallowa Whitman National Forest near La Grande, Oregon. The entire report is HERE, but below is an excerpt from the executive summary:
The assigned resources set out that morning to the slop over to find a fairly active flank that required attention from two engines. The two engines began securing the perimeter of the slop over with saw line, hand line, and a hose lay. The first engine that was serving as a pumping platform ran out of water and was replaced by the second engine. The first engine then proceeded to the Balm Creek Reservoir to scout access to a fill-site. The Balm Creek Reservoir had not been used or scouted since earlier in the fire season. The first fire engine arrived at the reservoir and found difficult access to the water’s edge due to late season drawdown. The engine slowly drove the bank looking for accessibility to the water’s edge when the engine became stuck in a soft spot. The engine operator worked on trying to regain traction by attempting to engage the engine into four wheel drive, and digging trenches behind the front tires. When in reverse, the engine suddenly regained traction, jolted back and to the left resulting in the rear wheels sliding towards the reservoir. The engine rolled over into the reservoir in approximately four feet of water coming to rest on its passenger side and roof. The driver escaped through the driver’s side window after the cab filled with water.
The driver suffered a few bumps and bruises and was transported to the Grande Ronde hospital in La Grande, OR by agency personnel. The driver is currently back to work and is expected to make a full recovery.
Firefighters Nathan Jackson and Francis Cardinal were killed in the Line of Duty when their vehicle rolled over returning from a fire near Conklin, Alberta, CN
We were able to find some articles about a July 21 rollover that fit that description, but were unable to verify that it was a line of duty accident. Here are obituaries for Mr. Jackson and Mr. Cardinal who both passed away on July 21.
Our condolences to the families and co-workers.
UPDATE on August 12, 2010:
We received more details about this accident from the Canadian government through the International Association of Wildland Fire:
Firefighter’s Name: Francis Cardinal
Rank or Position: Type II Firefighter.
Age: DOB 1982-07-11 (28)
Status: Contract Type II firefighter
Years of Service: experience 16 seasons
Date of Incident: July 21, 2010
Time of Incident: Approximately 20:30 hours
Date of Death: July 21, 2010
Firefighter’s Name: Nathan Jackson
Rank or Position: Type I Firefighter.
Age: DOB 1987-04-13 (23)
Status: Seasonal Contract Type I firefighter
Years of Service: experience 1 1/2 seasons
Date of Incident: July 21, 2010
Time of Incident: Approximately 20:30 hours
Date of Death: July 21, 2010
Name of the Firefighters Fire Department: BLMS Wildland fire fighters Ltd.; Caslan , Alberta
Incident Description: The BLMS Wildland Fire Fighters Ltd. was on contract to the Department of Sustainable Resource Development and based out of Liesmer Fire Base in the Lac La Biche Area to work on wildfires.
On July 21st. the Crew had driven out from Liesmer Fire Base in two crew vehicles, along with another crew in separate vehicles that afternoon to take suppressive action on a wildfire. Later that day, the crews were returning to Liesmer Fire Base travelling West bound on a secondary gravel road. At approximately 3 kilometers west of Conklin Corners, they approched a west bound vehicle travelling in the west bound lane. The first vehicle being operated by BLMS Wildland fire fighters Ltd. entered the east bound lane of the secondary road and increased his speed and sucessfully passed the west bound vehicle.
The second vehicle operated by BLMS Wildland fire fighters Ltd. Attempted to follow the first and entered the east bound lane of the secondary road, and increased speed, and sucsesfully passed the west bound vehicle. It then attempted to re-enter the west bound lane at which time the driver lost control of the vehicle, it started to fish-tail, and then vehicle rolled, several times. The three occupants in the vehicle were ejected from the vehicle. The vehicle came to rest in the middle section of the road on it’s wheels, with the front of the vehicle facing in a northerly direction.
The firefighter has been identified as Hugh Monroe. Here is information from CFA Connect dated January 11:
Tolmie & District Rural Fire Brigade member Hugh Monroe died yesterday after the tanker he was driving was involved in an accident on the way to an incident in Victoria’s North East. The accident happened about 14 kilometres from Tatong.
Mr Monroe, 62, had been a volunteer for nearly 11 years and was a much loved member of both his brigade and community. A dedicated firefighter and brigade 3rd Lieutenant, he was involved in the 2006 campaign through Victoria’s high country and the Black Saturday fires last year.
(The original article:)
A firefighter was killed and four others were injured when their fire truck rolled over while they were responding to a grass fire at Lake Mokoan near Benalla in northeast Victoria, Australia. (map)
Here is information from the Brisbane Times:
A 62-year-old volunteer firefighter was protecting his community in northeastern Victoria when he died in a tanker rollover that injured four of his brigade mates.
The man was travelling to put out a blaze ahead of extreme fire weather when he was killed at Tatong in northeast Victoria on Sunday.
Three men and a woman were also injured in the rollover, two suffering serious injuries.
Country Fire Authority (CFA) chief fire officer Russell Rees said the man, from nearby Tolmie, was one of five firefighters travelling to a fire at Lake Mokoan, near Benalla, when tragedy struck.
“One of our members tragically died and our condolences go to the family and the broader CFA family,” Mr Rees said.
“This is a sad event, it reinforces once again the dedication and commitment of our people across the emergency services, but particularly the volunteers who get up out of bed while you and I are slumbering away on a Sunday morning and go and do work for their community.”
The single vehicle accident occurred on the Spring Creek Road at Tatong, north of Mansfield, about 6.30am (AEDT).
The 62-year-old firefighter, believed to be the driver, was trapped inside the tanker and died at the scene.
Two men were flown to Melbourne hospitals in a serious condition and a man and a woman were transported by road ambulance to the Goulburn Valley Hospital in Shepparton.
Acting Premier Rob Hulls said his thoughts went out to the family of the deceased and those injured.
“I think it really reinforces that CFA volunteers put their life on the line and this is certainly very clear by what occurred today,” he said.
“A volunteer going to Lake Mokoan fire to further blacken out particular areas has tragically lost his life, really trying to protect (the) lives of others.”
It’s believed two of the injured firefighters went to a nearby house to raise the alarm and a doctor and an off-duty policeman were the first on the scene.
A man, aged about 42, was flown to the Royal Melbourne Hospital with spinal and chest injuries.
Another man, aged 52, was flown to The Alfred hospital with neck, back and head injuries.
A woman suffering chest and abdominal injuries and a man with head lacerations were taken to Shepparton.
In the United States, at least, 2009 was less busy than your average year, in terms of the number of fires and the total acres burned. In the lower 49 states, 2,720,903 acres burned, which is the lowest number since 2004.
But it was a fairly busy year for wildland fire news. We have put together some of the stories we consider to be the most newsworthy. They are listed here, and below you will have a chance to vote on the ones that you consider to be the top stories. This list does not include the line of duty deaths which we reported earlier, except in the case of the Andrew Palmer fatality investigation report which exposed a great many issues affecting firefighter safety, and survival following an accident.
The Lessons Learned Center has released a document that details some of the lessons learned from the August 22 vehicle rollover:
LESSONS LEARNED – Driving Incident (Rollover)
Date/Time: August 22, 2009 @ 09:00 Hours Location: Highway 99, Los Molinos, CA
Employee Title: Klamath Interagency Hotshot Crew Purpose: Returning to Home Unit
Eight personnel from the Klamath Hotshots, Klamath National Forest, were involved in a vehicle accident on Highway 99 near Los Molinos, CA. The crew was returning to their home unit from a fire assignment on the Plumas National Forest and was in the northbound lane when a semi-truck traveling south crossed over into the northbound lane and struck the crew vehicle with a side mirror. This pushed the crew carrier into a sideways skid, crossing oncoming traffic and leaving the roadway, where it experienced a ¾ roll landing on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
One crew member with significant injuries was transported to a hospital in Chico, CA and admitted for treatment. The rest of the crew sustained minor to moderate injuries and were transported to a hospital in Red Bluff, CA and treated then released. One of these was later taken to the hospital in Redding and also the hospital in Chico for further evaluation and treatment. All personnel have been released from the hospital and have returned home.
Seatbelts must be worn at all times. It is State Law and our Policy.
Alert driving prevented a potentially much more serious accident. The driver of the crew carrier saw the semi-truck drift and took evasive action to avoid a head-on collision. Likewise, the driver of the crew carrier following the carrier in the accident was alert and saw the semi-truck drift and the side-strike occur. The driver of the second vehicle immediately slowed down and took evasive action to avoid being struck by the semi-truck.
Be aware that exits/emergency exits may not function after vehicle damage. The crew carrier roll-over damaged the frame of the box (crew passenger area) to the point that the rear door and the emergency exit (side window) would not open. Crew members from the other vehicles tore the emergency exit window (frame and all) from the vehicle to extricate injured personnel. Other occupants crawled through the pass through window between the cab and the box and exited out the broken windshield area.
Drills/training for emergency response pays off. Uninjured crew members did an excellent job of treating injured personnel, dealing with hazardous materials (fuel) spills, and performing traffic control after the accident.
Last of three firefighters injured in Jesusita fire discharged from Grossman Burn Center
Ventura County Fire Department firefighter Robert Lopez was discharged from the Grossman Burn Center today after being treated for burns he received while fighting the Jesusita fire near Santa Barbara. Mr. Lopez underwent two skin graft surgeries to his upper extremities and back. His lead surgeon, Dr. Peter Grossman, said Mr. Lopez will fully recover and be able to return to duty.
Also injured while protecting a home that was over run by the fire, were Captain Ron Topilinski and Captain Brian Bulger, both of whom were treated at the burn center and released. Wildfire Today covered more details about their burn over on on May 7. The CalFire preliminary report was covered HERE. Their incident is the first one in the “Narrative”.
We wish them all a speedy recovery.
Satellite photo of Jesusita fire
Image credit: Jesse Allen, using data provided courtesy of the NASA EO-1 TeamThis natural-color image from the Advanced Land Imager on NASA’s Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite shows the burned area on May 13, 2009. The fire shows up as purple. Santa Barbara is at the bottom of the image.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary Janet Napolitano cited input from firefighters as a major reason that the President’s budget request proposes reducing funding for the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) program from $565 million to $170 million. The President is also asking Congress to increase funding for the Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response (SAFER) grant program from $210 million to $420 million.
In budget hearings before the Senate Homeland Security and Government Affairs Committee and the House Homeland Security Committee on May 12 and 13, Napolitano said that feedback she has received from fire departments and local governments indicates that staffing is a more pressing concern than equipment and training.
“Staffing, equipment, and training are all critical needs for the fire service,” said National Volunteer Fire Council (NVFC) Chairman Philip C. Stittleburg. “This budget request unfortunately doesn’t do enough to address any of these needs, proposing to fund AFG and SAFER at less than thirty percent of their collective authorized level. The dramatic cut to AFG – the lowest level proposed by a President since 2003 – is particularly disturbing considering the need for equipment and training that has been clearly demonstrated through past applications for funding.”
North Tree Fire water tender driver still in hospital
On May 17 Wildfire Today covered the rollover accident of the North Tree Fire water tender on Interstate 5 in California which was returning from the Jesusita fire. The Mail Tribune in Oregon has an update on the driver of the truck, who self-extricated before the fire department arrived:
An Eagle Point firefighter remains hospitalized after breaking his back in a highway crash while returning from Santa Barbara, where he helped battle a large forest fire just outside the Southern California city.
Jeremy Roberson, 33, was driving a water-hauling truck north on Interstate 5 near Stockton, Calif., on Thursday evening when its front tire blew, sending it rolling off the highway, said Heather Roberson, the firefighter’s wife.
“He said he knew what was coming after the tire blew and he tried hard to get the truck off the road so no other cars would be involved,” she said.
Roberson, who had spent the previous four days fighting an 8,000-acre blaze in the hills and canyons surrounding Santa Barbara, was transported to the UC Davis Medical Center in Sacramento.
“He is expected to make a full recovery, but he’s now in a back and neck brace,” Heather Roberson said. “We have been told he won’t need surgery, just a long recovery time.”
Funding for wildfires
Many fire departments and agencies are having to deal with budget shortfalls and firefighter layoffs. Here are some excerpts from an article in the Press-Enterprise in southern California:
…The sputtering economy has left other local departments in similar straits.
The San Bernardino Fire Department has eliminated eight positions
Riverside County, which contracts with the state agency Cal Fire, is, at least temporarily, losing 28 positions.
Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger has threatened the elimination of more than 1,700 state firefighting positions and the closure of 20 stations across California if a series of budget-related measures don’t pass tomorrow’s ballot.
To counter the shortage of firefighting funds, President Barack Obama’s budget request for the 2010 fiscal year, which begins Oct.1, includes a $135 million increase over this year’s fire suppression budget, and a new $282 million reserve, which would be available to fight fires if Obama deems it necessary.
Fearing that current funding levels may not be sufficient to weather the coming months, lawmakers have additionally attached $250 million to a separate defense-spending bill now before Congress. The bill passed the House on Thursday and could come up for a vote in the Senate sometime this week. The bill is widely expected to pass, and no one in either chamber has raised objections to the wildfire money.
But even that much might not be enough to cover this year’s fire suppression costs, said Forest Service Chief Abigail Kimbell, who pointed to the drought in the West.
“I hope it’s enough,” she said. “I hope it rains.”
Perhaps more important to local departments is language in the bill that would temporarily ease restrictions on a government grant program, allowing them to use federal funds to avert layoffs.
Previously, the firefighter assistance or SAFER grants could be distributed only to agencies that promised to use the money to add to their staffing levels. Also, caps on the amount of grant funding that could go to each firefighter meant that departments had to provide some amount of matching funds to pay full salaries.
The restrictions amounted to deal breakers for some area fire bosses left financially hamstrung by dwindling budgets.
“We’re not taking any kind of grant that has a match requirement,” Riverside County Fire Chief John Hawkins said. “We just don’t have the money.”
Under the new language in the spending bill, departments for the next two years could devote more of the grant money to each firefighter and could use the funds to retain firefighters, rather than only hire new ones.
Officials at the local and federal levels are also looking to Obama’s $787 billion stimulus package for fire prevention and firefighting assistance. The bill contains hundreds of millions of dollars for forest thinning, fire station construction and other projects. Though little of the money has been released, some local officials are hoping to get a share.
From an article in the Orlando Sentinel:
Belly, Rock Vegas and Earth, Wind and Fire are burning up across east Central Florida.
That’s not the lineup for the hottest Lollapalooza revival concert. Those are the names of Florida brush fires that have scorched thousands of acres in Orange, Volusia and Brevard counties in recent days.
While meteorologists can spend months preparing traditional names for next year’s hurricanes — names that sometimes end up retired in the archives of history if they represent a large storm — state and local fire officials said brush fires often are named on the spot. And it’s usually what first comes to mind.
“The first one who responds to the fire, either a ranger or incident commander, names the fire after whatever they want,” Division of Forestry spokesman Cliff Frazier said. “Sometimes it appears it doesn’t make any sense.”
Ralph Crawford of the state’s fire division in Tallahassee said officials traditionally named fires after landmarks. Many names, though, are chosen randomly.
Fires the past week or two in Orange County include Dragonfly, near Lake Harney Woods; and Belly and International, in east Orange County. A fire named Bomb was in Sebring in Highlands County.
Duck Curve, in St. Johns County; and Deep, near Everglades City, were completely contained.
The fight for insurance pay-outs may be ugly
From the Business Times:
Santa Barbara residents who are thinking insurance money will flow in easily to rebuild homes burned in the Jesusita Fire may have to think again.
Jesusita fire, Santa BarbaraMany of the 78 destroyed houses sat in high-risk areas where it’s tough to get robust policies, and a sagging economy means insurers and their backers will get aggressive in trying to limit payouts, insurance experts say.
Though the financial woes at insurance giants such as AIG happened in a parts of the companies walled off from homeowner policies, the big carriers are still hurting, said Dave Bender, an insurance policy enforcement attorney with Anderson Kill Wood & Bender in Ventura. Homeowners who suffered losses should be ready to get tough with their carriers, Bender said.
“It would not surprise me if we see some litigation arising out of this,” Bender said “You’ve got carriers who are going to be tough on claims, and you’ve got some sizeable losses because of the high value of homes in the Santa Barbara area.”
Further complicating matters, many of the homes damaged or destroyed in the Santa Barbara foothills sit in high-fire risk areas where insurers are reluctant to tread. And if private insurers do go there, the coverage may not be as robust as in areas farther from explosive chaparral.
“The smarter underwriters know that even if brush is cleared a long way away, you get burning embers that go a mile or more,” said Randy Kinsling, a managing member in TWIW Insurance’s Ventura office. “When you get a hot enough fire, those things are like rockets. It has always been and will always be difficult to get underwriters interested in writing policies for Santa Barbara County.”